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Tujia Society

UpdateTime: 2014-2-14 10:46:51 Author: www.izjj.com

 

  In the nineteen fifties, author to Chongqing and Guizhou border area of minority social and historical survey. Since 80 time, every two years the authors have one or two months to visit or work area of the Tujia nationality. Where the social outlook and before the establishment of new China, is as different as heaven and hell. Especially after 1979, the state government, the county and township appearance, can be said to take on an altogether new aspect, amazing.

 

  Regional autonomy

  In the period, China National scientists, anthropologists have been to Xiangxi for a longer period of time field survey, they are " Xiangxi Miao survey " in the preface to the book, in addition to describing Miao minority, also admitted that in Xiangxi there is a "native ". However, the Kuomintang government does not admit Xiangxi Tujia nationality.

 

  During the war of resistance against Japan, the KMT government in Hubei Province in the west of Hubei and sent for branches of the tomb, the results have gained nothing, just in the neighborhood check have toast sites, also known as the local " natives" activity, but does not recognize the natives is the tujia.

 

  After the founding of new China, the people's government has repeatedly sent National linguistics, ethnology, professors, experts and national workers, Chongqing and Guizhou Province into four contiguous areas, on Tujia region, language, economic life and built on the common culture based on psychological quality comprehensively, systematically made field survey, and the combination of Tujia history and national name, national consciousness and so on differential, in 1956 October the State Council announced the Tujia nationality is our country nation. Since then, the Tujia nationality and other fraternal peoples, won the national equal status to management, the internal affairs of the nation's rights. In 1957 September, the establishment of the Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, the state government has three Tujia as deputy governor of Tujia and Miao, which is combined with exercising regional autonomy in the area to establish the first autonomous prefecture.

 

  Since the reform and opening up, people's Government in order to solve the historical legacy of the ethnic problem in Chongqing and Guizhou border area, a partial recovery of the Tujia nationality composition. In 1980, established in Hubei of two and Hefeng Tujia Autonomous county. In 1983 December, withdrew the and Hefeng Autonomous County building, in the original Enshi areas within the region, established the Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture ( later renamed " Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture ." ). This is the Tujia national minority regional autonomy is practiced in the establishment of the second autonomous prefecture. In Fuling some of the masses of Southeast Chongqing minority component recovery. November 7, 1983 and 11, established the Tujia and Miao Autonomous County and Yang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County; in November 10, 1984, 13 and 18, and has set up a Pengshui Tujia and Miao Autonomous County, Qianjiang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County and Tujia Autonomous county. Southeast Chongqing five autonomous county building, meet the minority for many years long-cherished wish, greatly aroused the enthusiasm of the people of all ethnic groups in southeastern Sichuan accelerating socialist modernization actively.

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